FIVE MILES STONES

Climate Change

The topic of the first LTTA to be explored is the Personalised and adaptive learning strategy. An international workshop in which teachers will create
innovative teaching support and activities on climate change will be carried out. A collection of lesson plans will be compiled in the first section of the
booklet.
All partners will cooperate and contribute to the implementation of activities specified in the programme. Participants will study and practice the
personalized and adaptive learning strategy in an international working setting, which will result in concrete classroom examples. All activities will be
condcted in English, the communication language in the project. The good practice examples provided through exchange of pedagogical experience
will be further transferred and integrated in their school curriculum. Information about schools, cities and home countries will be presented in different
formats (ppts, video, paper format, posters).

POLLUTION

At the second LTTA, participants will reflect on, evaluate the previously used strategy, watch videos of the lessons and have follow up discussions on
advantages and disadvantages. Photos and videos illustrating the local activities organized in partner schools will be shared, alongside students’
research results, infographics, presentations and art exhibitions.
The game-based learning strategy will be further exploited and integrated into innovative teaching materials and activities on the topic of pollution in
an inspiring workshop organised by the Greek partner school. Each school will create teaching support materials: personalized lesson plans and
video games. The former are to be included in the second part of the project booklet and the latter will be added to the collection of video games at
the end of the LTTA. Participants will share their views on school international environmental programmes like Eco-Schools and Eco-Campus.
All partners will contribute to the implementation of the programme throughout the week. The game-based strategy will be studied and practiced in
various circumstances through English language.
We wish to correlate education with the interests of the children in the twenty-first century and thus, provide various game-based learning situations
adapted for use in the classroom. Effective results of its use are expected by all participants.

Lack of Energy Sources,
Recycling

As part of the agenda of the 3rd LTTA, teachers will share their experiences after implementing in their organisiations the methods discussed in the
previous LTTAs and they will analyse the advantages and disadvantages of the methods. Photos and videos taken during local activities will also be
shared: a fashion show in which they used outfits made of recycled materials, presentation of recycling banks/factories in their areas, short movies or
public announcements on pollution, a guided visit to a recycling bank and planting trees campaigns.
A workshop organized by the Italian school for participants will discuss the video-based learning strategy and further apply it to create teaching
resources and activities on the topics of lack of energy sources and responsible recycling. Each school will create teaching support materials: lesson
plans, create and select videos that will be included in the third section of the project booklet.
An evaluation session for the activities implemented will be also conducted and project coordinators will also agree on the content of the mid-term
report.
All partners will contribute to the implementation of the programme throughout the week spent in Italy. Strategies on teaching with videos will be
studied and practiced in various circumstances, using the English language. Effective results of its implementation are expected by all participants

Deforestation and
endangered species

A point on the agenda of the 4th LTTA, teachers will share their experiences after implementing in their organsiations the methods discussed in the
previous LTTA. They will analyse the advantages and disadvantages of the video-based learning method. Photos and videos taken during local
activities will also be shared: a fashion show in which they used outfits made of recycled materials, presentation of recycling banks/factories in their
areas, short movies or public announcements on pollution, recycling boxes made from recycled materials.
A workshop organized by the Bulgarian school for participants to discuss the digital story telling strategy and further apply it to create teaching
resources and activities on the topics of deforestation and endangered species. Each school will create teaching support materials: lesson plans
which will be included in the fourth section of the project booklet.
All partners will bring their contribution to the implementation of the programme throughout the week in the Bulgarian host school. The digital story
telling strategy will be studied and practiced in an international setting, in various circumstances and in English. All participants expect effective
results after its implementation.

Urban sprawl and
overpopulation

During the last project LTTA teachers will share their experiences after having implemented in their organisations the method discussed in the
previous LTTA-digital story telling. They will analyse the advantages and disadvantages of the method. Photos and videos taken during local
activities will also be shared: lessons on deforestation and endangered species, planting trees campaign, a guided visit and workshop organized in
an NGO to discuss about deforestation and animal species threatened with extinction.
A workshop organized by the Polish school as participants discuss the project-based learning strategy and further apply it to create teaching
resources. Each school will create teaching support materials: lesson plans, create and select videos that will be included in the fourth section of the
project booklet.
As this LTTA is scheduled at the end of the project, an evaluation session for the activities implemented in the second year will be conducted and
project coordinators will also work on the content of the final report. All project products and outputs: e-booklets, digital story book, photo albums etc.
will be compiled. The feedback for the LTTA will be done in an e-twinning online conference.
All partners will contribute to the implementation of the programme throughout the week in the host school. The project-based learning will be studied
and practiced in various circumstances by means of English language. Effective results of its implementation are expected by all participants

climate change 

What is climate change?

Climate change describes a change in the typical weather for a region — such as high and low temperatures and amount of rainfall — over a long period of time. Scientists have observed that, overall, Earth is warming. In fact, many of the warmest years on record have happened in the past 20 years. This rise in global temperature is sometimes called global warming
 

How do we know Earth’s climate is getting warmer?

Scientists have been observing Earth for a long time. They use NASA satellites and other instruments to collect many types of information about Earth's land, atmosphere, ocean, and ice. This information tells us that Earth's climate is getting warmer. 

 

Why is Earth warming?

Some of the gases in Earth’s atmosphere trap heat from the Sun—like the glass roof and walls of a greenhouse. These greenhouse gases keep Earth warm enough to live on. But human activities, such as the destruction of forests and burning fossil fuels, create extra greenhouse gases. This traps even more of the Sun’s heat, leading to a warmer Earth. 
 

What does carbon have to do with it?

Carbon is in all living things on Earth. As plants and animals die, they get buried in the ground. After enough years, these squished underground remains can turn into fossil fuels, such as coal and oil. When we burn those fuels, the carbon that was in the ground goes into the air as a gas called carbon dioxide, or CO2. Plants and trees can absorb some of this extra carbon dioxide. But a lot of it stays in the atmosphere as a greenhouse gas that warms up the planet. 
 

Has the climate ever changed before?

Yes, but this time is different. Over millions of years, Earth's climate has warmed up and cooled down many times. In the past, Earth often warmed up when the Sun was very active. But nowadays, we can carefully measure the Sun’s activity. We know Earth is warming now, even when the Sun is less active. Today, the planet is warming much faster than it has over human history. 
 

It doesn’t feel hotter where I live. Why does climate change matter?

The average air temperatures near Earth's surface have gone up about 2 degrees Fahrenheit in the last century. A couple of degrees over a hundred years may not seem like much. However, this change can have big impacts on the health of Earth's plants and animals. 
 

What does climate change do to the ocean?

As Earth warms, NASA has observed that sea levels are rising. This is partly due to melting ice. Glaciers and ice sheets are large masses of ice that sit on the land. As our planet warms, this ice melts and flows into the oceans. More water in the oceans makes sea level higher. Also, water expands as it gets warmer. So, warm water takes up more room in our oceans – making sea levels higher.

The properties of ocean water are also changing. One change is called ocean acidification and it can be harmful for plants and animals. Scientists have observed that the ocean is becoming more acidic as its water absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. 
 

How are scientists studying climate change?

Scientists study Earth’s climate using lots of tools on the ground, in the air, and in space. For example, NASA satellites are orbiting Earth all the time. They measure carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. They monitor melting ice and measure rising seas and many other things, too. This information helps scientists learn more about Earth’s changing climate. 
 

What can I do?

Climate change seems big, but it’s something that we can learn about and work on together! NASA’s scientists are studying and monitoring climate change—and there are a few ways you can help them learn more with your friends and your teachers.
And you can help the nature wuth great actions.
For example:
- PLANT TREES
-EAT WHAT YOU GROW
-DO NOT USE PLASTIC
-GO FOOT OR BY PUBBLIC TRASPORT
- RECYCLE AND TRY TO PRODUCE LITTLE JUNK 

Pollution

BECAUSE ?
Inside the future is our land and us too. We learn to embrace nature through this project which will help us to talk about environmental education, but above all about environmental action.
Children are the lifeblood of the future and a civil society must feel the duty to work together to protect and love the adult of tomorrow with care.
PRESENTATION
This project stems from the need to develop ever wider processes of attention and responsibility towards the environment. It is in fact essential to make people understand early on the effects that our lifestyles produce on the environment in order to positively intervene on the formation and internalization of adequate micro and macro behaviors
What topic do we analyze today?
as part of the Erasmus + project "Be friend with Nature" Many topics were touched upon, but one of the most important is certainly that of Pollution.
As it brings with it all the other themes to truly become friends of Nature
OBJECTIVES :
 The self and the other

• Internalization of attitudes and abilities of respect towards the natural and artificial environment
• Collaborate for a common purpose
• Recognize problems and formulate hypotheses to solve them together
• Respect for all forms of life
• Appreciate natural environments and actively commit to their protection

The body and movement
• Move in the environment and in the game by coordinating the movements of the limbs
• To move spontaneously and in a guided way, expressing oneself on the basis of sounds and noises of nature or of proposed music
• Take care of the environment and common materials

The speeches and words:
• Listen and understand stories, readings, ...
• To recount lived experiences in their own words
• Enrich your vocabulary with words, phrases and concepts relating to the environment

Images, sounds, colors
• Produce school or personal experiences in a personal way and with the use of different languages ​​(drawing, singing, dramatization ...)
• Read images and know how to tell the content
• Listen and play sounds, noises, melodies ...

Knowledge of the world:
• Observe the surrounding environment
• Getting to know other environments and natural habitats: meadow, pond, sea, mountain ...
• Evaluate the causes of pollution and its effects on nature
• Sorting waste
• Distinguish what benefits nature and what harms it
• To recycle
• Knowing how to group, classify, systematize
• Use groupings to identify differences and similarities
What is nature?
 

We question the children with a braing storming about this word they know, but which often becomes too big to describe.
Here are some answers 


  • §Elena: flowers and the countryside 
  • §Maicol: The water 
  • §Carlo Filippo: Birds and butterflies 
  • §Roberta: the moon 
  • §Leonardo: the tree 
  • §Lorenzo: the land 
  • §Margherita: the forest 
  • §Matteo: the sea 
  • §Gabriella: the rain 
  • §Marco: the animals 


Nature is a gift:
 

They are all the beautiful things that are on our planet: Mountains, rocks, rivers, lakes, animals, clouds, sky, grass, flowers, trees, earth.

READ MORE
  (2) POLLUTION INQUINAMENTO - YouTube 


Lack of Energy Sources,

Recycling

INTRODUTION:
Western society knows no famines: from
food to energy, every resource is always
available. The downside is waste: we use
more than we really need, creating a short
circuit in which the environment pays the
costs. Not wasting means using only what
we need while rediscovering the beauty of
essentiality
daily activities.
WHAT CONCRETE
ACTIVITIES CAN WE
OFFER?
Studies show that using
play as a training tool
can help reduce energy
consumption by 3% to
6%, stimulating children
to change their habits in
carrying out normal
daily activities.

  • Creative recycling workshop
  • Separate collection
  • Adoption of a public space
  • Building renewable energy objects
  • Trips in the green
  • Energy diary in the classroom
  • Meter reading
  • Plant seeds

CREATIVE RECYCLING WORKSHOP
From bottles that turn into piggy banks to buttons and caps that become toys: the
creative recycling workshop is a functional and fun way to empower the little ones to
respect the environment, increasing awareness of the importance of recovery and reuse
of materials to be thrown away.
Recycling activities, to be carried out in the classroom or at home, represent an
educational form that can stimulate the creativity of children, educating them to fight
waste and teaching them respect for the environment.
The choice of artistic workshops can range from eco
games such as pen holders,
pinwheels and puppets to eco jewels and accessories up to real artistic objects such as
famous paintings to be made with waste materials.
One of the most innovative activities that is spreading among the new generations is
the tinkering laboratory , a new teaching methodology whose purpose is to teach pupils
to "think with their hands".
During this creative "game" the little ones try their hand at building animated objects of
various kinds using electronic components such as batteries, cables, lights and
batteries.
Little researchers are allowed to use glue and adhesives to stimulate the creativity and
help of teachers in the various creative phases.
WASTE SORTING
Waste separation is the practice with which each of
us is committed to respecting the environment and
laying the foundations for a sustainable world for
everyone, even for future generations.For this to
happen, in addition to committing ourselves to
separate waste collection, it is good to start in the
family and at school to recognize the materials and
the main rules for a correct differentiation of
waste.Also in this context, it is possible to resort to
the playful aspect of these activities to make them
more fun for the little ones. More and more board
and web games instruct children to separate waste
collection in an interactive and intuitive way to
involve and accustom them to respect for the
environment.
TRIPS IN THE
GREEN

There is no better initiative than that
which teaches respect for the
environment through trips in the midst
of nature!Talking about energy to
children, introducing them to the theme
of saving simply with words can often
be complicated.This is why
accompanying them in the midst of
nature can be a fun way to make them
aware of the existence of energy
sources such as wind farms or solar
energy plants.
ENERGY DIARY IN THE CLASSROOM
To teach children the topic of energy saving, it is
possible to get them used to writing a sort of
energy diary to be filled in daily.
The energy audit is one of the best tools we can
use to reduce consumption and the
environmental impact of our daily habits.
By accustoming children to take into
consideration fundamental characteristics of the
building in which they live or of the school, from
thermal insulation, to the type of lighting, to the
appliances used or to the use of electricity, it is
possible to sensitize them to the problems of
structures that cause particular energy
expenditure, stimulating them to reflect on
possible solutions.

PROMOTER OF ENERGY SOURCE!!

https:// www.youtube.com/watch
?v=S5no sMk5fI&t=14s


https://
www.youtube.com/watch?app
=desktop&v=vLX jHbq5 Q

Deforestation and
endangered species

 

Deforestation refers to the process of clearing or cutting down forests. Humans have always cut down trees. However, in recent decades, the number of forests being lost to deforestation has grown massively. Forests are the most important kinds of ecosystems on our planet and are crucial for the health of all living things. Here are some stunning facts about deforestation for kids to know that will help you understand why we need to protect our forests at all costs.

As of 2020, forests cover about 31% of the world’s total land area. Unfortunately, we are losing this precious resource at an unprecedented rate. Forest land equivalent to 300 football fields is being cleared every hour, destroying important habitats of critically endangered species such as the orangutan and Sumatran tiger. 

Besides oceans, they are the world’s largest carbon sink as they absorb carbon from the atmosphere through a process called photosynthesis, which helps keep our air clean. Yet, deforestation has turned some of them into a carbon source. One of them is the Amazon Rainforest. The world’s most biologically diverse ecosystems and most important carbon sink is found to emit a greater amount of carbon dioxide than it is absorbing as a result of deforestation, wildfires, and climate change

1. Reasons for Deforestation

Forests are cut down mainly to obtain wood from trees, which is used to make buildings, furniture or paper. Trees are also removed to make way for farming, where crops are grown or where farm animals can eat. Most of the croplands on the planet were once forests, which would have covered 11 million square kilometres! In tropical areas, large areas of forest are cleared to plant coffee, rubber trees or palm trees. 

The largest amount of deforestation is happening in tropical areas in rainforests. Some areas recover from the damage, but it can take many years, but most don’t. At the current rate, we could only have 10% of our forests by 2030!

2. How are Forests Cut Down?

Slash and Burn

Farmers cut down large trees and then set fire to areas of a forest to clear the land, killing all the animals and plants that live there. The ash from the fire helps to make the land fertile and crops can be grown for a few years before the land becomes useless. The farmers leave the area and move to a new place, repeating this slash and burn process wherever they go. 

This is done in grasslands and rainforests in regions including central Africa, northern South America and Southeast Asia. Between 200 and 500 million people practice slash and burn agriculture, nearly 7% of the world’s population. 

Some places never recover, but in some cases (after many years), forest plants and animals may return to the land.

Logging

Machines or humans cut down hundreds or thousands of trees and use them as lumber. In the Amazon rainforest, there is a lot of illegal logging, where companies or people are not allowed to cut trees down but do anyway.

3. Problems Caused by Deforestation

Forests and other green plants produce oxygen and when they are cut down, less oxygen is released into the atmosphere. Trees also trap carbon dioxide, a gas that contributes to global warming. When they are cut down, this carbon dioxide goes back into the atmosphere.

Cutting down trees can also lead to erosion, which is when the soil blows away because the trees aren’t there to hold it together. Bad weather, such as strong winds or rain, can cause the soil to disappear and can slide down slopes and destroy homes and fields. 

Lots of animals and plants live in forests. When trees are cut down, they lose their homes or are killed. Some animals can become extinct because of deforestation.
E-BOOKLET Bulgarian school
 "untitled" - Free stories online. Create books for kids | StoryJumper 

Urban sprawl and

overpopulation

 

Urban sprawl is the act of towns and cities expanding into rural or undeveloped land. This has been happening since people began living in communities.


As the population increases in the community, more land is needed to accommodate their need for housing and everything else that is involved with life living in a community. 
 

Causes of Urban Sprawl

As a town or city becomes overpopulated, people have difficulty finding suitable and affordable housing in urban areas as a direct result of the competition for housing increasing and the prices for accommodation increasing.

The cost of land within the town or city becomes so expensive that people start looking outside the town or city because land on the fringes is cheaper. People begin to migrate to these new areas and this is the start of rural housing.


As the population increases in these rural areas, the sprawl continues to areas further and further away from the city and town centres.

The ability to move out of city and town centres gives the average family the opportunity to raise their standard of living. Instead of having to depend on apartments and other multi-family dwellings, they have a choice to have an entire home of their own with a yard for a garden or for children to play in.

The only downside is that working adults have to commute to their places of employment. However, this is usually an acceptable trade-off.

With housing comes the infrastructure that is needed to support the new developments. Schools, churches, medical clinics, and/or hospitals, shopping areas, parks, green spaces, roads, and more gas stations are needed. Utilities such as electricity, water, and sewer need to be provided. 
 

Effects of Urban Sprawl

New communities require land to be taken out of agriculture use and reassigned to be used to develop the area for more housing and businesses. Roads have to be constructed and maintained. Facilities for managing sewage and waste have to be expanded. Provisions for garbage pickup have to be provided and paid for.

A lot of the cost of building communities outside the city centres has to be borne by the taxpayers. Therefore, residential and business taxes have to increase.


With roads come increased traffic and traffic noise. More traffic accidents cause the greater need for police involvement. Fire departments have to be established to provide emergency services.

Urban sprawl causes damage to the environment, loss of agricultural land, and the loss of wildlife and their habitat. Certain communities have encroached on wildlife habitat and have had to contend with some wild animals wandering through the community causing damage to property, as well as pets and children being attacked.
OUR PHOTO ALBUM
 Exhibition of photos on the growth of cities - YouTube